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Small Claims Cases

This legal research guide provides information about small claims cases in justice court and provides links to filing information for select Texas counties.

History of Justice Courts

Abolition of Small Claims Court

Prior to August 31, 2013, the Texas court system consisted of both “small claims courts” and “justice courts” which both had jurisdiction over civil claims of less than $10,000. On July 19, 2011, the state legislature passed a bill which abolished the small claims court and added language that small claims are now to be heard in justice court. Many resources that discuss strategies for presenting a case in small claims court will still be relevant to cases in justice court; however, statutory references may be out of date in anything published prior to 2013. The resources below include bills and articles relevant to this change.