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Property Owners' Associations

This legal research guide provides information on homeowners associations in Texas, including links to relevant statutes, practice aids, and information in “plain English.”

Board of Directors

Note The property owners' association's bylaws and articles of incorporation are the best sources of information about boards of directors. They will often say who is eligible, how the board is elected, and how long the directors serve. State law typically applies if the governing documents do NOT discuss these topics.

For more information on how to access the governing documents of your property owners' association, please see the Bylaws and Records page of this guide.

Jump to a topic: Eligibility | Number of directors | Elections | Term of office | Removing a board member

Who can serve on the Board of Directors?

In general, Texas law does not contain any specific requirements for someone to be eligible to serve on the Board of Directors. A director doesn't even have to be a member of the organization. However, many property owners' associations create their own eligibility requirements in the governing documents. They often include a requirement for directors to be property owners or residents of a property in the association.

Texas Property Code states that there are very few restrictions that can be imposed regarding eligibility for the Board. These include:

Texas Law

How many members must be on the Board of Directors?

There must be at least three people on the Board of Directors. If an association's governing documents do not state how many people must serve on the Board of Directors, Texas law says that the number will be equal to the initial number of directors listed in the Articles of Incorporation.

Texas Law

How is a Board of Directors elected?

The governing documents of a property owners' association will often define the process for electing the Board. Section 22.206 of the Texas Business Organizations Code states that if the governing documents do not contain this information, the directors will be elected by the Board itself.

Section 209.00593 of the Texas Property Code provides additional rules. The key points of this section include:

Texas Law

How long can a director serve on the Board?

The governing documents of a property owners' association will often say how long a director's term will last. If the term is undefined, the directors will serve "until the next annual election of directors and until a successor is elected, appointed, or designated and qualified." This law is in the Texas Business Organizations Code.

Texas Law

How can a director get removed from the Board?

The governing documents of a property owners' association will often have instructions for removing a member from the Board. If there are no instructions, the Texas Business Organizations Code states that a director may be removed by the "persons entitled to elect, designate, or appoint the director." If there was an election to appoint the director, a vote must also be taken to remove them. The number of votes to remove the director must equal the number of votes required to elect them.

Unless the governing documents state otherwise, a director may also resign at anytime by submitting their resignation in writing.

Texas Law