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Disasters & Emergencies

Legal resources related to disasters in Texas. This guide has been updated to reflect information pertaining to the COVID-19 pandemic. Information on this guide is subject to change at any time.

Quarantine & Isolation

See our General Information page for information about current emergency or disaster declarations.

See our Immigration & Travel page for more information on quarantine orders for travelers.

Current "Shelter in Place," "Stay at Home," or Area Quarantine Orders

State Executive Orders


Please read the orders for details. There are additional requirements set out in the orders for each type of business and how they may reopen. These requirements could include social distancing, virus testing, or other parameters. Counties who have established with the state that they have low numbers of COVID-19 may open businesses at a different rate.

Updated for GA-28 on June 26th.

Date Occupancy Level Business Type
June 3rd 100% Any services listed in CISA guidance, houses of worship, local government operations, child care services, youth camps, recreational sports programs for both youths and adults, most outdoor areas of business establishments, most outdoor events.
June 3rd 100%, with 6 feet of social distancing Cosmetology salons, hair salons, barber shops, nail salons/shops, licensed massage therapy establishments, tanning salons, tattoo studios, piercing studios, hair removal services, and hair loss treatment and growth services.
June 3rd 50% All business establishments (indoor areas); outdoor sporting events (professional, collegiate, or similar); outdoor swimming pools; outdoor water parks; outdoor areas of museums or libraries; outdoor areas of zoos, aquariums, natural caverns, and similar facilities; outdoor rodeos and equestrian events; amusement parks and carnivals.
June 12th 75% Dine-in restaurants (less than 51% of gross sales from alcoholic beverages).
June 26th Prohibited Outdoor gatherings of over 100 people (unless there is approval by the mayor or county judge).
June 26th Closed to visitors Rafting and tubing services.
June 26th Take-out only Bars (more than 51% of gross sales from alcoholic beverages).
June 29th 50% Dine-in restaurants (less than 51% of gross sales from alcoholic beverages).

Current Local "Stay at Home" or "Shelter in Place" Orders

Cities and counties in Texas can issue "shelter in place," "stay at home," or area quarantine orders. You should check your local news outlets to see if an order has been issued in your area.

FAQs About Quarantines & Isolation

What is a "shelter in place" or "stay at home" order?

Overview of Public Health Law in the U.S.

The United States has a decentralized system of public health. Much of the power to issue quarantine, isolation, or "shelter in place" orders falls to state and local governments. The resources below provide an overview of the U.S. system of public health.

Texas Quarantine & Isolation Law

In Texas, orders for quarantine and isolation can be issued by local health authorities, the Department of State Health Services, and other government entities. Quarantine and isolation orders can be issued for individual people as well as geographic areas.

Texas Law

Explained in "Plain English"

Violations and Enforcement (Texas Law)

There are many overlapping state and local laws that discuss enforcement of quarantine, isolation, "stay at home," and "shelter in place" orders. Below we've collected a small number of laws related to enforcing orders that have been declared for geographic areas and individual people or groups. The list is not comprehensive.

"Stay at Home" or "Shelter in Place" Orders

State law gives the state government and local governments the authority to create penalties for violations of emergency management plans. You should check the details of the orders in your area to find the specific control measures in place and any potential consequences for violation of those measures.

Quarantine or Isolation Orders

Federal Quarantine & Isolation Law

Though there is debate concerning the interpretation of the U.S. Constitution, generally speaking, the federal government has the authority to issue quarantines related to interstate activities as well as entry and exit through the nation's borders. See the CDC's page on quarantine law for more information.

Federal Laws & Rules

Explained in "Plain English"